Anti-Rackets Branch (ARB) is the leader in the investigation of enterprise crime, providing specialized investigative resources to OPP Regions, Detachments, Bureaux, Ontario municipal police services and government ministries facing complex fraud investigations. Anti-Rackets Branch is led by an Inspector and 4 D/Staff Sergeants directing four units composed of Detective Constables, led by Detective Sergeants/Team Leaders who are positioned across Ontario. Cases investigated by the Economic Crime Unit include complex multi-jurisdictional and transnational fraudulent schemes that result in significant financial losses to individuals, corporations and government.
ARB also investigates cases of political corruption, secret commissions, frauds related to the utilization and payment of health services and multi-jurisdictional fraudulent schemes targeting seniors. ARB members exhibit strong investigative skills that are often utilized to assist in major criminal investigations. The Political Corruption Unit conducts investigations into allegations of fraud and other criminal activities related to Municipal and Provincial Government officials. The Health Fraud Investigation Unit investigates the fraudulent use of Ontario Health Cards and fraudulent billings for payment of health services. The Private Security and Investigative Services Unit is now part of Anti-Rackets Branch its mandate is the licensing of security guards, private investigators and licensed employers in the Province of Ontario.
The Canadian Anti-Fraud Call Centre is a national deceptive telemarketing call centre consisting of OPP, RCMP, Competition Bureau and community volunteers. The call centre plays an important role in combating telemarketing and internet fraud by educating the public and collecting and disseminating victim evidence to the appropriate enforcement agencies. ARB has an "in-house" Forensic Chartered Accountant, to provide expert financial analysis and court testimony for ARB investigations.
Economic Crime Unit
Investigators with strong skills in criminal investigation, case management, securities, business, accounting and computers are recruited to become members of Anti-Rackets Branch.
There are three units dedicated to Economic Crime Investigation within Anti-Rackets Branch. Enterprise crime investigations consist of complex multi-jurisdictional and trans-national fraudulent schemes that result in significant financial losses to individuals, corporations and the various levels of government.
The mandate of the Corruption Unit, Anti Rackets Branch is to investigate reported allegations of corruption involving the business activities within provincial and municipal government, ministries, and their agencies. The objectives of the Corruption Unit are:
- To identify the methods used by suspects in corrupting and defrauding the provincial and municipal governments, ministries, or their agencies.
- To gather evidence to support criminal charges of fraud, breach of trust, secret commissions and municipal corruption against the principal suspects sufficient to support a prosecution.
- To identify any other persons or persons who may have conspired to commit these offences.
- To restrain, seize and seek forfeiture of any proceeds of crime that are uncovered.
- To liaise with the community and media to encourage reporting instances of alleged corruption.
- Integration with other Sections and Bureaux in a joint effort to combat organized crime.
Health Fraud Investigation Unit
The Health Fraud Investigation Unit operates pursuant to an agreement with the Ministry of Health and Long-term Care to investigate fraud against the payment and delivery of health services and products. The Unit is composed of members from Anti-Rackets Branch, Drug Enforcement and e-Crime Sections. Health fraud investigations are categorized into three classifications of health care services.
Provider Fraud involves crimes related to fraudulent billings to the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care by medical providers. Some examples of fraudulent billing are billing for medically unnecessary services or billing for services that were never performed. Consumer Fraud involves crimes related to receiving services or products that they are not entitled to or any crimes involving Ontario Health Cards. Ontario residents who "lend" their cards to non-residents, anyone who falsely obtains a health card, anyone who receives health services or products illegally in Ontario or anyone who falsely claims for medical expenses that occurred while out of Ontario are all committing Consumer Fraud. Drug Diversion involves fraudulently obtaining prescriptions that residents are not entitled to. Some examples of drug diversion are residents that see more then one doctor for the same condition to receive multiple prescriptions to support their own addictions or convert the drugs to money.
The Unit has demonstrated success in taking the financial gain out of health care fraud when restitution orders are made on convictions obtained on charges laid by the Unit. The unit plays a deterrent role in keeping aspiring fraudsters in check.
Private Security and Investigative Services Unit
The primary function of the Private Security and Investigative Services Unit is the licensing of security guards, private investigators and licensed employers.
The branch is comprised of the Registrar's office, the Licensing Unit and the Investigation and Enforcement Unit. The Registrar is responsible for:
- Administering and enforcing the act and its regulations
- Licensing, regulating and investigating the activities of all licensees
- Conducting quasi-judicial hearings to determine eligibility for licensing
- Providing guidelines and policy to the industry
- Providing information to the public and police concerning the Act
- Maintaining records on registered businesses
The Investigation and Enforcement Unit is comprised of OPP officers who are responsible for:
- Investigating the activities of licensees (individuals and agencies) to ensure compliance with the Act. These investigations may be initiated from proactive checks by officers or as a result of public or police agency complaints.
- Enforcing the Private Security and Investigative Services Act, 2005 as well as Criminal Code violations in relation to individuals and agencies.
- Conducting background investigations for new agencies.
Canadian Anti-Fraud Call Centre
The Canadian Anti-Fraud Call Centre (CAFCC) is the only police led call centre and consists of OPP, RCMP., Competition Bureau and community volunteers. The CAFCC plays an important role in combating telemarketing fraud, letter fraud and identity theft by educating the public and collecting and disseminating victim evidence to the appropriate enforcement agencies.